Cedar Bog Description
Between 14,000 and 24,000 glaciers covered 2/3 of Ohio. The glaciers moved across the state and eventually stopped when the glaciers hit the Bellefontaine. This caused glacial hills called end moraines which go around east and west of Cedar Bog. These hills left Cedar Bog in the center of a valley. The valley was then filled with sand and gravel which allows for great water flow and the whole area of Cedar Bog is an aquifer. This water that is brought up to the top in the low spots creates the unique habitat that is Cedar Bog. There are many types of water that get to Cedar Bog including groundwater and surface water runoff. Fens are different than bogs because fens drain through streams and bogs continue to clog.

Monocots

Showy Pink Lady Sipper
This is a flowering plant with one stem. There could be one or two white flowers in addition to a pink to purple pouch that hangs off the front. This plant is a monocot because the seed contains only one embryonic leaf. This plant is known to be able to cause a rash that is similar to poison ivy.
https://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/cyprreg.htm#:~:text=Showy%20Lady’s%2Dslipper&text=Flowering%20plants%20are%20unique%20with,rash%20similar%20to%20poison%20ivy.

Skunk Cabbage

Like the lady slipper, this plant is also a monocot due to only having one embryonic leaf inside the seed. One way of identifying this plant is knowing that it is one of the first plants to bloom in a forest. Early in the season, there will be a red flower that comes before the leaves and that is skunk cabbage. The reason for the name is because this plant emits a foul odor.
https://www.nwf.org/Educational-Resources/Wildlife-Guide/Plants-and-Fungi/Skunk-Cabbage#:~:text=The%20skunk%20cabbage%20gets%20its,when%20the%20plant%20is%20injured.

Special Fen Plants

Swamp Birch
This is a medium-sized deciduous tree with the largest diameter trunk of all the North American birches. The leaves are alternately arranged. They generally grow in more wet environments and generally occur in more mature forests. These trees are heavily browsed by deer and other herbivores.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betula_alleghaniensis
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Bladderwort
This a small plant that grows in wet environments which includes small yellow flowers. This is actually a carnivorous plant that ingests small animals for food. It has stolons that grow beneath the surface to allow for air exchange. The reason for being called bladderwort is because the traps look like small bladders.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utricularia
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Southern Blue Flag
This is a herbaceous perennial plant. This plant has a blue flower with yellow markings toward the base. It also has rhizomes that grow out from the bottom. You can also look for six pedals and sepals however the petals are fused at some points. Both the leaves and roots of this flower are poisonous.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iris_versicolor
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Star Flowered Solomon Seal
This plant is a perennial flowering plant and it grows from rhizomes. They have 8-11 leaves generally. The flowers are small compared to the leaves and can be white. The flowers are in a cluster known as a raceme so that can be a giveaway for identification. The plants produce red fruit. This plant can be seen growing all across North America.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maianthemum_stellatum
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